Root Canal, or endodontic treatment, is a process whereby inflamed, dead or dying pulp (or nerve) is meticulously removed from the inside of the tooth enabling a tooth that was causing pain to be retained and free from pain or tenderness.
Dental pulp or nerve is the soft tissue in the canal that runs through the centre of a tooth to the tips of each root. Once a tooth is fully formed tooth decay or trauma may damage the pulp. Root canal treatment replaces the damaged pulp with a special material which allows the tooth to function normally without its pulp. After re-moving the pulp, the root canals are cleaned, sterlised and shaped to a form that can be completely sealed with a specialized filling material to prevent further infection.
The treatment can take several appointments, depending on how complex the root system is, and how long any infection takes to clear. Once root canal treatment is complete, it is crucial that a crown or other type of complex restoration is required to protect the tooth from breaking and restore it to normal function.